CNA Training in
The federal government, prescribes the minimum hours of training and
supervised clinical hours required for CNA certification at 75 and 16 hours, respectively; although the state
minimum is higher at 80 and 37.5 hours, respectively. There are also federal policies with respect to the subject
areas required for inclusion in CNA training programs, as well as the qualifications for trainer accreditation.
There is at least one government-recognized institution offering CNA classes in every US city and any qualified
individual aspiring to be a Certified Nursing Assistant or Certified Nursing Aide may avail of traditional
classroom- and clinic-based training or online classes when the latter modality is approved by the state
Three institutions offer CNA training in Philadelphia in the traditional mode
format: the American Red Cross and two community colleges - the Community College of Philadelphia (CCP) and the
Delaware County Community College (DCCC). The Red Cross charges a fee of $1,300 for a four-week course scheduled
from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm four days a week or approximately 128 training and clinical hours. Meanwhile, the CCP CNA
course, which is subsidized by the Wanamaker Scholars Program, runs for 136 hours of classroom instruction,
laboratory skills training, and clinic-based practicum for determined trainees who are only required to pay the
amount of $30 as matriculation fee. On the other hand, DCCC provides 133 hours of training for CNA, including 60
hours of clinical experience for a fee ranging from $913 to $1537, depending on institutional sponsorship
There are institutions offering partial online courses in CNA, but trainees are still required to
comply with the minimum specified number of supervised clinical hours to earn a certification. The two modalities
of CNA training in Philadelphia present their own strengths and weaknesses. Traditional CNA courses are usually
preferred by employers because skills and competency training are personally supervised by experts. At the American
Red Cross, for example, clinical training classes are guaranteed with an instructor to student ratio of 1:10.
However, the tuition fees for traditional courses are usually more expensive, except when scholarships are given.
Online courses are more favored by prospective trainees on account of the flexibility in course schedule, the
opportunities presented for students to learn at their own phase, and the availability of free online training
Section 1181.521 under Title 55 of the Administrative Code of the state of
Pennsylvania specifies the requirements for nurse aide training together with the competency evaluation system for
CNA training in Philadelphia. The subject areas generally covered in CNA courses include: basic skills in nursing,
personal care, competency in patient needs assessment in terms of social services and mental well-being health,
fundamentals of restorative care for the injured, patients recovering from surgery, and other diseases, as well as
the rights of nursing home residents and clients of other health care facilities. Among the basic skills learned in
CNA courses are measurement and recording of blood pressure, pulse rate, respiratory rate, and body temperature.
CNA trainees also learn skills in personal care, such as bathing, hygiene routines, use of the toilet, and exercise
appropriate for the patient. The trainees are also exposed to safe and proper techniques for facilitating patient
mobility, documenting vital patient data, and emergency procedures.